Startup Manifesto beta

Policy Tracker

Track progress in Austria

Summary

Recent years have seen Austria – and in particular Vienna – evolve from an entrepreneurial desert to a promising home for young startups. Still, despite the improving infrastructure and growing awareness of entrepreneur-driven issues (aided by successful local exits and flourishing business angels), there is a lack of venture capital for follow-up financing – and of the right entrepreneurial spirit. One of the initiatives to promote entrepreneurship in Austria is Pioneers Festival, an annual event gathering startups, investors, and technology-driven corporations with a specific focus on Europe, especially Central and Eastern Europe. Labour costs are also high, due to payroll-taxes and health insurance costs, but perhaps the biggest issue for entrepreneurs is a lack of real tax incentives for startups and startup investors. There are some political initiatives to adapt current law to modern day requirements. The government has recently presented its digital strategy, which echoes several suggestions of the Startup Manifesto


To track progress in the implementation of other priorities and actions across countries – visit the interactive Dashboard page

The Startup Manifesto Policy Tracker is a dynamic tool, open to suggestions for improvement and external contributions. If you would like to share with us a country or regional initiative which you believe should be included in this survey, please leave your comment below.


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Institutional Framework

“General regulatory environment for startups”
Number Indicator Completed Evidence
0.1 Is there a national strategy in support of startups in place? e.g: http://italiastartupvisa.mise.gov.it/ Yes http://www.bmwfw.gv.at/Presse/Documents/BMWFW_Land_der_Gruender_NEU.pdf
0.2 Has the country created a national startup manifesto? Yes see: http://www.bmwfw.gv.at/Presse/Documents/BMWFW_Land_der_Gruender_NEU.pdf
0.3 Has your country introduced legislation defining startups and providing special status to them (startup status related legislation) eg.: http://www.mise.gov.it/images/stories/documenti/Executive-Summary-of-Italy%27s-new-policy-on-start-ups.pdf. Yes Moreover, Austria has taken steps in 2013 to improve startup conditions through a reform of the limited liability company. It reduced the needed startup capital and related costs for notaries and lawyers and dropped the requirement for announcement in paper form. The reform has led to a boost in the rate of limited liability company startups, but has also had some adverse effects, as established companies merely changed legal form to reduce their equity base and save on taxes. An amendment that tackles these adverse effects entered into force in March 2014. It leaves the improved startup conditions for this legal form unchanged for the first ten business years, including a reduced minimum corporate tax.
0.4 Does the country effectively appliy SME Test (http://ec.europa.eu/enterprise/policies/sme/files/docs/sba/iag_2009_annex_en.pdf) to systematically assess the impact of legislation on SMEs? Yes Austria has made substantial progress in the area of ‘think small first’ in recent years. The SBA agenda is addressed in full. This includes effective stakeholder consultations, regulatory impact assessments, the ‘SME test’, and competitiveness assessments. Existing legislation is reviewed and, as appropriate, simplified or abolished. http://ec.europa.eu/growth/smes/business-friendly-environment/performance-review/files/countries-sheets/2015/austria_en.pdf
0.5 Is the time taken to start a business equal or below EU target of 3 days? No 10 days http://europa.eu/youreurope/business/start-grow/start-ups/index_en.htm
0.6 Has an E-commerce Directive been fully implemented by the country? Yes 152. Bundesgesetz, mit dem bestimmte rechtliche Aspekte des elektronischen Geschäfts- und Rechtsverkehrs geregelt (E-Commerce-Gesetz - ECG) und das Signaturgesetz sowie die Zivilprozessordnung geändert werden Bundesgesetzblatt 2001 vom 21. Dezember 2001, Teil I S. 1977. http://bgbl.wzo.at
0.7 Have measures in support of the principles of a digital single market been undertaken on a national level? Yes http://ec.europa.eu/priorities/digital-single-market/docs/factsheets/austria_en.pdf
0.8 Have provisions enabling new legally challenging business models of sharing economy (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sharing_economy) such as blablacar, Airbnb, Uber? No

Education & Skills

“Make teachers digitally confident and competent to rise to the challenge.”
Number Indicator Completed Evidence
1.1.1 Does a strategy document exist alone or as a part of a bigger strategic package? Yes There is a national ICT-strategy “efit21”, which is pursuing six strategic objectives. Four of these objectives relate to the educational field: to enhance the quality of education, to teach digital competences, to teach e-skills to enhance the success on the labour market, to integrate the society (e-Inclusion, media skills). Teaching digital competences and e-skills is a main focus in the various activities of “efit21”. www.efit21.at http://www.eeducation.at/download.php#erlass
1.1.2 Has ICT been implemented as a part of the core curriculum? Yes The use of ICT and e-learning is obligatorily fixed as a cross-curricula issue in the curriculum of all different kinds of schools. Teaching digital competencies is listed as an educational goal in the curriculum of secondary schools 1 and 2 The curricula of secondary schools 2 include ICT both as a compulsory subject and a voluntary subject. Using IT as work equipment like in the industry is part of curriculum of the vocational training in upper secondary schools. http://www.bmukk.gv.at/schulen/unterricht/lp/lp_abs.xml http://www.abc.berufsbildendeschulen.at/de/dlcollection.asp Read more on cross-European comparison: http://www.euractiv.com/sections/eu-code-week-2015/infographic-coding-school-how-do-eu-countries-compare-318506
1.1.3 Are there effective government initiatives in place to encourage the involvement of startups and developers in providing ICT training for teachers and students? No Not directly. However, a wide range of educational e-content development projects and databases were funded. Austrian schools and teachers now benefit from a vast pool of commercial and freely accessible material on central platforms (e.g. http://www.bildung.at or www.sbx.at) and platforms of regional e-learning content initiatives. Up to this date, approx. 85% of the schools are using these digital platforms and protected online spaces. http://www.eun.org/c/document_library/get_file?uuid=544375db-0aa3-4e76-a5d2-8b99584818da&groupId=43887
1.1.4 Are the training initiatives (for teachers) using e-learning tools present in the national programmes and action plans? Yes The online Tool „digicheck“ allows teachers to self-evaluate their digital competences and receive qualified feedback and recommendations for further training. http://www.digicheck.at/ Universities and university colleges offer teacher education curricula. The educational path chosen to reach a teaching certificate determines the possible future employment positions of a student. At the moment, there are nine public and five private university colleges of teacher education and eight universities and six universities of arts (located in all federal states). The Austrian universities and university colleges offer different programmes to student teachers. These programmes are intended to prepare them for the pedagogical use of ICT in teaching. The universities provide optional courses such as the E-learning Certificate (E-Learning Kompaktausbildung; eTutor) or the Media Certificate for Student Teachers (Medienpass für Lehramt; eTutor). The university colleges also provide a range of optional course offers such as eTutor, eBuddy, Didactic Pass and EPICT courses. In general, these non-compulsory offers only reach student teachers who are already interested in using ICT for teaching. http://www.eun.org/c/document_library/get_file?uuid=544375db-0aa3-4e76-a5d2-8b99584818da&groupId=43887
“Teach our children the principles, processes and the passion for entrepreneurship from young age.”
Number Indicator Completed Evidence
1.2.1 Has a national system for vocational traineeships in entrepreneurship for 12 - 18 y.o. been established? Yes Entrepreneurship education is part of the curricula of schools and colleges teaching technical subjects and business administration, of part-time vocational schools for apprentices, of schools and colleges of tourism, and of colleges of agriculture and forestry. So all VET schools and colleges include some entrepreneurship component in the curriculum. In some college curricula, entrepreneurship and management is a specialist subject area. http://ec.europa.eu/enterprise/policies/sme/files/smes/vocational/entr_voca_en.pdf http://www.cedefop.europa.eu/en/publications-and-resources/country-reports/austria-vet-europe-country-report-2012
1.2.2 Have courses / activities aimed at enhancing entrepreneurship skills been introduced as a part of the core curriculum in a primary and a secondary education system (e.g. willingness to take risks, ability and willingness to take initiative)? Yes The Entrepreneurial Skills Pass (ESP) is an international qualification that certifies that students (15-19 years old), who have had a real entrepreneurship experience, hold the necessary knowledge, competences and skills to start a venture of their own or be successfully employed. ESP includes: a full-year in-school mini-company experience; a test in business, economics and financial knowledge; the possibility to access further opportunities offered by small and large businesses, top higher institutions and international organisation across Europe. For further information: http://www.eesi-impulszentrum.at/ http://ictgogirls.eu/ http://entrepreneurialskillspass.eu/
“Encourage university students to start a business before they graduate.”
Number Indicator Completed Evidence
1.3.1 Are there national/ regional programmes that encourage (e.g. with providing co-funding) the creation of startup Incubators / Accelerators? No
1.3.2 Has the country introduced any funding programmes for students who want to translate their business idea into a reality? No
1.3.3 Has the country taken additional measures to promote more actively Erasmus for Young Entrepreneurs programme? Yes http://www.amadeus.or.at/
1.3.4 Has the country developed incentives for academics to engage in entrepreneurial activity and stimulate the creation of university spin-offs? No
1.3.5 Have support measures to mentor and coach women entrepreneurs at undergraduate level been implemented? No
“Prepare graduates for a radically different marketplace (digital skills + vocational training).”
Number Indicator Completed Evidence
1.4.1 Has your country joined the Grand Coalition for Digital Jobs with a national/local coalition to promote digital employment? No http://ec.europa.eu/digital-agenda/en/grand-coalition-digital-jobs-0
1.4.2 Has some form of "digital course certificate" confirming ICT skills been introduced as part of a curriculum in the higher education system? No
1.4.3 Has the Action 68 of the Digital Agenda to mainstream eLearning in national policies been implemented in your country? Yes http://daeimplementation.eu/indicator.php?id_country=1&action_n=68
“Encourage large companies to provide training for the general public (for management, leadership and communication skills).”
Number Indicator Completed Evidence
1.5.1 Have the measures to promote / scale up business - universities partnerships within the Knowledge Alliance on a national level been undertaken? Yes FH Joanneum Gesellschaft M.B.H. - Knowledge Alliance to enable a European-wide exploitation of the potential of MOOCs for the world of business Universitaet fuer Bodenkultur Wien - European Food Studies and Training Alliance Wirtschaft Universitaet Wien - Competencies for a Sustainable Socio-economic Development
1.5.2 Have measure been introduced (such as co-financing by the country) to support provision of specific training (management, sales etc.) by corporates for people already working for SMEs / startups or unemployed? No
1.5.3 Have the national programmes to promote business-universities partnerships been implemented to provide work placement as part of the curriculum? No https://www.innovationpolicyplatform.org/content/austria

Access to Talent

“Turn Europe into the easiest place for highly skilled talent to start a company and get a job by rolling out a pan-European startup Visa.”
Number Indicator Completed Evidence
2.1.1 Has a national startup visa programme to streamline process of setting up a business by non-EU, skilled talent been introduced in your country? Yes In mid-2011 a new criteria-led point-based immigration system was established in Austria, which introduced the combined residence and work permits “Red-White-Red Card” and “Red-White-Red Card Plus”. These permits are intended for the following groups of qualified and highly qualified third-country nationals: very highly qualified workers, skilled workers in shortage occupations, other key workers, graduates of Austrian universities and self-employed key workers. http://ec.europa.eu/dgs/home-affairs/what-we-do/networks/european_migration_network/reports/docs/annual-policy/2014/01a_austria_apr_2014_part2_english_final.pdf
2.1.2 Has a national policy in support of attracting foreign startups been introduced? No
2.1.3 Has the EU Blue Card Directive (Directive 2009/50/EC) aimed at facilitating the admission and mobility of highly qualified migrants and their family members by harmonising entry and residence conditions throughout the EU been fully implemented by the country? Yes https://www.help.gv.at/Portal.Node/hlpd/public/content/12/Seite.120309.html
2.1.4 Has the country signed bilateral and/or multilateral agreements with non-EU countries facilitating easier / free movement of workers? No
“Make it easy for companies to hire outside their home countries in the EU.”
Number Indicator Completed Evidence
2.2.1 Has a national policy measure in support of making a remote hiring of employees directly across EU possible and less burdensome been introduced (e.g. elimination of residence requirement)? No
“Make it easier for smaller companies to let employees go (special flexibility in human resources management for small companies).”
Number Indicator Completed Evidence
2.3.1 Has the country enabled the flexible and reliable contractual arrangements in line with EU common flexicurity principles? No The country shows performance below the EU average with respect to flexible and reliable contractual arrangements http://ec.europa.eu/social/BlobServlet?docId=10227&langId=en
2.3.2 Has the country adopted the comprehensive life-long learning strategies in support of EU common flexicurity principles? Yes The country shows performance above the EU average with respect to life-long learning strategies http://ec.europa.eu/social/BlobServlet?docId=10227&langId=en
2.3.3 Has the country implemented the effective active labor market policies to assist job-to-job transition in line with EU common flexicurity principles? Yes The country shows performance above the EU average with respect to the active labour market policies http://ec.europa.eu/social/BlobServlet?docId=10227&langId=en
2.3.4 Has the country introduced the modern social security systems’ solutions in line with EU common flexicurity principles (e.g. solutions that would ensure the possibility for temporary workers to accumulate rights and would improve portability of entitlements across firm or branch borders)? Yes The country shows performance above the EU average in terms of the modern social security systems solutions http://ec.europa.eu/social/BlobServlet?docId=10227&langId=en
“Bring the best brains back home (EU countries must launch targeted campaigns aimed at bringing their talent back home, through research grants, logistical support and public recognition).”
Number Indicator Completed Evidence
2.4.1 Has a national/ regional strategy to attract high-skilled labor through international student recruitment been developed? Yes After successful completion of a programme of studies in Austria, it is possible for students to switch from "Student Stay Permit" to Red-White-Red Card. Graduates may reside in Austria for a further six months to search for employment if they have obtained confirmation from the competent residence authority. http://www.migration.gv.at/en/types-of-immigration/permanent-immigration-red-white-red-card/students-and-graduates.html
2.4.2 Have initiatives been undertaken at national / regional level that align with the HR Strategy for Researchers and the European Charter and Code? Yes Austrian Science Fund (FWF), Fachhochschule Technikum Wien, Medizinische Universität Graz - Medical University Graz, University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences (BOKU), University of Salzburg http://ec.europa.eu/euraxess/index.cfm/rights/strategy4ResearcherOrgs
2.4.3 Has the Researchers Directive (EU Scientific Visa) been fully implemented in the country? Yes http://ec.europa.eu/euraxess/pdf/1_EN_ACT_part1_v6[1].pdf http://www.icmpd.org/fileadmin/ICMPD-Website/ICMPD_General/Policy_Brief_March_2012_Scientific_Visa.pdf

Access to Capital

“Increase private and institutional investment in startups.”
Number Indicator Completed Evidence
3.1.1 Have provisions for facilitating secure access to alternative sources of funding, such as equity crowdfunding, mezzanine instruments or minibonds (convertible notes) and etc., been set up? Yes The Alternativfinanzierungsgesetz (Alternative Financing Act) which came into force on August 2015 covers following types f alternative finance: shares, equity shares, bonds, shares in cooperative, participation rights, silent partnerships and subordinated loans. In terms of crowdfunding it covers both securities and lending-based crowdfunding. Below EUR 100,000, there is no duty to inform. Between €100.000 and €1.5 million- information according to AltFG. Between EUR 1.5 million to less than 5 million-a simplified prospectus is required. For an offer of shares or bonds => EUR 250,000 - a simplified prospectus.nOver EUR 5 million, a "capital markets" prospectus is required. One individual investor can invest up to EUR 5,000 per project within a period of 12 months or in case of a monthly income higher than 2500 EUR, he can invest a double of his income or 10% of his assets.
3.1.2 Have measures to promote public – private investment partnerships in order to address risk-aversion of venture capital, e.g. by creating national co-investment funds between public entities and private investors on a national level been established? Yes Aws Business Angel Fonds Public-Private Partnership https://www.awsg.at/Content.Node/files/sonstige/Compendium-Co-Investment-Funds-2014-v1.pdf
3.1.3 Has an effective debt financing system been established by creating well-structured credit guarantees on bank loans on national level in order to enable banks to extend loans to startups that would otherwise not be able to find credit? Yes aws is the Austrian federal promotional bank. It assists companies in their implementation of innovative projects by granting loans, awarding subsidies and issuing guarantees at favorable interest rates, In addition, it provides support in the form of specific information, advisory and other services to prospective, established and expanding companies. http://www.awsg.at/
3.1.4 Has the Late Payment Directive been implemented in the country that reduces the time to pay the invoice and hence the need for short-term financing? Yes 907a Austrian Civil Code and change to the Austrian Commercial Code http://www.europarl.europa.eu/meetdocs/2014_2019/documents/imco/dv/late_payments_directive_eprs_/late_payments_directive_eprs_en.pdf
3.1.5 Have actions to improve access to finance for startups and SMEs been undertaken? Yes Seed Financing Scheme. Financing of innovative startups of up to €1,000,000 per project. http://www.awsg.at An online calculator of creditworthiness (KMU Bonitätsrechner) was launched in 2013 and is an innovative support tool for SMEs looking for financing. It enables them to obtain an approximate picture of their current creditworthiness.
“Make it easier for high-growth companies to raise capital through public markets.”
Number Indicator Completed Evidence
3.2.1 Has a national legislation on venture capital (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Venture_capital) (in support of the EC´s new venture capital framework (http://ec.europa.eu/internal_market/consultations/docs/2011/venture_capital/consultation_paper_en.pdf) been introduced that enables cross-border financing for SMEs more easily available ? No
3.2.2 Have measures to support business angels friendly environment been introduced on a national level? Yes The European Angels Fund (EAF) is an initiative advised by the EIF which provides equity to Business Angels and other non-institutional investors for the financing of innovative companies in the form of co-investments. The initiative has initially been launched in Germany in 2012, meanwhile expanded to Spain and Austria and is about to be rolled-out in other European countries and/or regions. European Angels Fund S.C.A. SICAR - aws Business Angel Fonds (Austria) (“EAF Austria”) is an EUR 22.5 million initiative funded by EIF and Austria Wirtschaftsservice GmbH (aws) - the Austrian government promotional bank financing companies based in the country - on behalf of both the Austrian Federal Ministry of Economy, Family and Youth and the Federal Ministry of Finance. EAF Austria has been established in December 2013 as one of the first compartments under the regulated European Angels Fund umbrella structure focussing on investment activity in Austria. EAF Austria aims at providing equity to Business Angels and other non-institutional investors to finance innovative companies in the form of co-investments. The initiative has initially been launched in March 2013 and it is advised by EIF in cooperation with aws as a sub-advisor. http://www.eif.org/what_we_do/equity/eaf/Austria.htm
3.2.3 Have tax reliefs on seed and venture capital investments been introduced on national level? No Austria offers foreign investors a broad spectrum of investment incentives, grants and subsidies; for example, to assist small and medium-sized enterprises, support research and development and the launching of company start-ups, as well as investment and technological promotion measures. The type of funding ranges from cash grants and interest subsidies to loan guarantees. This extraordinarily extensive portfolio of incentives enables companies to take advantage of incentive programmes tailored to their individual requirements. Furthermore, there are various tax incentives (e.g. R&D allowances and premium, education allowance and premium, tax allowance for invested earnings) granted to investors in Austria. http://www.eban.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/09/12.-Compendium-fiscal-incentives-2012.pdf
3.2.4 Have tax incentives for acquiring startups / on reinvesting profit in startup businesses for investors of a national origin been implemented? No
3.2.5 Has the revised Directive on transparency requirements for listed companies been implemented in the country (Transparency Directive)? Yes Comes in force on 26 November 2015 http://www.freshfields.com/de/knowledge/Gesetzentwurf_Aenderung_Transparenzrichtlinie/
3.2.6 Have policies to promote easier access to stock exchange for high growth companies been adopted, such as: a single registration in the home country, and with simplified accounting and reporting (disclosure) obligations? No
“Buy more from smaller businesses.”
Number Indicator Completed Evidence
3.3.1 Have the measures been implemented to promote procurement from SMEs (for example by make it easier for startups and SMEs to access government procurement market by lowering barriers to entry and lessening administrative burden of the process, or by promoting procurement from smaller companies by corporates)? Yes Through a 2013 amendment to the federal public procurement law (Bundesvergabegesetz), innovation has been introduced as a secondary criterion in public tendering. A specific service was set up within the federal public procurement agency that offers information, training and fora for exchanging information with other public bodies in charge of promoting innovation, research and technology, procuring administrations and potential bidders. In line with the government´s efforts to boost e-government, SMEs have more opportunity to use less burdensome e-tendering procedures. As a result, the proportion of SMEs submitting proposals electronically has risen,from 12.5 % in 2011 to 15.1 % in 2013. Overall, the participation of SMEs in public procurement is in line with the EU average, as evidenced by the figures on SMEs’ share in total value added of public contracts awarded and the number participating in public tenders. http://ec.europa.eu/growth/smes/business-friendly-environment/performance-review/files/countries-sheets/2015/austria_en.pdf
3.3.2 Does the country make use of European Code of best practices facilitating access by SMEs to public procurement contracts? Yes In AT the statutory law of the Federal central purchasing agency (“BBG”) requires that the agency when procuring certain goods and services (like cleaning, IT, office and IT equipment, food, laundry, tools and electric/electronic euipment and components) has to put out these goods and services in a manner as to enable SME’s on a NUTS 3 level to participate if this seems to be useful as regards timing and local aspects (see section 2 (1a) of the Law establishing the federal procurement agency, BGBl I Nr 39/2001 (see http://www.ris.bka.gv.at/GeltendeFassung.wxe?Abfrage=Bundesnormen& Gesetzesnummer=20001270).
3.3.3 Has legislation been implemented to make sure that at least some percentage of the administration procurement goes to "innovative" solutions (so called "innovative public procurement")? Yes In 2011, "Innovation promoting public procurement" was included as priority in the Austrian federal strategy for research, technology and innovation by the Austrian Federal ministries for Innovation, Technolgy and Economy (BMVIT and BMWFJ). Since September 2013 the BBG operates the central Austrian competence centre on innovation procurement that offers training, documentation and assistance to Austrian procurers. In 2014 this competence center enabled procurers to apply for a 80.000 EURO voucher to prepare an innovation procurement. Also in 2014 a monitoring system was setup to measure annual expenditure on innovation procurement in Austria. , https://ec.europa.eu/digital-agenda/news/innovation-procurement-initiatives-around-europe
3.3.4 Is SMEs' share in the total value of public contracts awarded above EU average (29% in 2013)? Yes 30% http://ec.europa.eu/internal_market/publicprocurement/docs/modernising_rules/smes-access-and-aggregation-of-demand_en.pdf
“Institute an E-Corp: a new type of cross-European corporation. ”
Number Indicator Completed Evidence
3.4.1 Has the Council Directive Council Directive 2001/86/EC supplementing the Statute for European Company fully adopted by the country? Yes Transposed into national legislation http://ec.europa.eu/social/BlobServlet?docId=2453&langId=en
3.4.2 Has the Service Directive (Directive 2006/123/EC of 12 December 2006 on services in the internal market) been fully implemented by the country? Yes http://ec.europa.eu/growth/single-market/services/services-directive/implementation/index_en.htm
“Tax share options as capital gains, not income, to attract talent to startups (special tax regime for startups).”
Number Indicator Completed Evidence
3.5.1 Have national regulations been developed in support of easing up early startups regulatory burden (e.g. preferential tax scheme on share options for employees in order for startups to attract talent without big initial investment in salaries)? No Employees and their employers must pay contributions as a percentage of earnings up to the annually increasing ceiling of EUR 63 420 (2014 level) – the ceiling is also applicable to self-employed. The overall employees’ contribution rate is about 18% in general. The rate for the employers, at 21.5%, is slightly higher. http://ec.europa.eu/taxation_customs/resources/documents/taxation/gen_info/economic_analysis/tax_structures/2014/report.pdf
3.5.2 Does the government have a differential tax rate for companies according to their age or the size of their profit? No http://ec.europa.eu/taxation_customs/resources/documents/taxation/gen_info/economic_analysis/tax_structures/2014/report.pdf
3.5.3 Has the government implemented an ‘Entrepreneurs Relief’ tax break to reduce the capital gains tax on selling all or part of the business? No Capital gains of financial assets — together with income from interests, dividends, etc. — are subject to a final withholding tax of 25% from 2011 onwards http://ec.europa.eu/taxation_customs/resources/documents/taxation/gen_info/economic_analysis/tax_structures/2014/report.pdf
3.5.4 Has the government introduced any other early stage tax relief for entrepreneurs and their employees? No http://ec.europa.eu/taxation_customs/resources/documents/taxation/gen_info/economic_analysis/tax_structures/2014/report.pdf

Data Policy, Protection & Privacy

“Revise and normalise data protection laws (unified data protection law in Europe).”
Number Indicator Completed Evidence
4.1.1 Is the country complaint with the General Data Protection Regulation GDPR (only valid after approval of the regulation)? Yes yes
4.1.2 Has the country developed programmes to encourage the reuse of data in public and private sector? No
“Remove the requirement for data providers to store information in any given country. ”
Number Indicator Completed Evidence
4.2.3 Has the country developed a specific Cloud Computing Strategy? Yes In 2012, the Platform Digital Austria of the Federal Chancellery has published a position paper for the use of cloud computing in the public sector. This position paper especially covers legal, organizational, economic, and technical aspects, as well as opportunities and risks of cloud computing for public sector use.
“Make government data public.”
Number Indicator Completed Evidence
4.3.1 Has the Public Sector Information Directive been fully implemented in the country? Yes https://ec.europa.eu/digital-agenda/en/news/implementation-psi-directive-austria
4.3.2 Does the national law of the country provide for a general obligation for public sector bodies to allow re-use of Public Sector Information? Yes https://ec.europa.eu/digital-agenda/en/news/implementation-psi-directive-austria
4.3.3 Does legislation adopted in the country prohibit Public Sector Information holders from granting exclusive rights to re-sell or re-use data to any legal entity? Yes see www.epsiplatform.eu/content/european-psi-scoreboard.
4.3.4 Has the country taken part in the Open Government initiatives, such as Open Government Partnership (OGP), to drive best practice in knowledge sharing and promote integrity and trust in data management? No http://www.opengovpartnership.org/countries
4.3.5 Has the country improved policies and practices on Open Access to better allow access to data and re-use of data generated by scientific research? No see European Commission, European Research Area Progress Report 2014 http://ec.europa.eu/research/era/eraprogress_en.htm. Open Access Network Austria (OANA) The OANA was established in 2012 as a joint activity under the organisational umbrella of FWF and UNIKO. The network ties in with the uniko Open-Access Recommendation (12.01.2010) and the FWF-Positionpaper (17.01.2012) and develops specific recommendations for the implementation of Open Access in Austria. https://www.openaire.eu/austria/noads/oa-austria#oa-numbers
“Make governments think digitally (unified technological platform).”
Number Indicator Completed Evidence
4.4.1 Has the country built analytical tools to make use of governmental digital records and data in order to deliver insight in support of better deliverables, better policies and better decision making processes (for example use of health data to identify trends, preventive actions)? No
4.4.2 Have the country aligned national interoperability frameworks with the European Interoperability Framework? Yes The Austrian NIF (AIF) adopted in January 2015 is fully aligned with the EIF on the conceptual model, interoperability agreements and governance dimensions and is fully aligned with all the principles except multilingualism. The AIF has a strong alignment on the interoperability levels. The Austrian EIF/NIF alignment score is 94%, a strong level of maturity. http://ec.europa.eu/isa/documents/publications/2014-report-on-state-of-play-of-interoperability.pdf
4.4.3 Has the country joined the European Cloud Partnership initiatives in order to advance towards joint procurement of cloud computing services by public bodies based on the emerging common user requirements? Yes Reinhard Posch - Chief Information Officer of the Austrian federal government - is a member of the steering board of the European Cloud Partnership https://ec.europa.eu/digital-agenda/en/european-cloud-partnership http://www.cloudforeurope.eu/consortium

Thought Leadership

“Initiate a mentality shift across Europe in terms of how we define success - promoting entrepreneurship.”
Number Indicator Completed Evidence
5.1.1 Does the country conduct any PR and media campaigns at national/regional level aimed at promoting entrepreneurship (e.g. by appointing a role model, an entrepreneur in residence” to promote entrepreneurial culture etc.)? Yes Media campaigns by Austrian Startups https://www.austrianstartups.com/events/ Business Angels Institute - http://www.businessangelinstitute.org/professional-development/
5.1.2 Does the country actively promote women entrepreneurship through specifically targeted mentoring and networking programmes? Yes Frau in der Wirtschaft / Women in Business www.unternehmerin.at www.facebook.com/unternehmerin
5.1.3 Have the legislative measures been introduced to improve policies allowing second chance for entrepreneurs? Yes There has been no nationwide awareness-raising campaign to combat the stigma of business failure, as recommended by the SBA. Nor have any specific pre-emptive measures been put in place to help businesses avoid failure in the first place, as also stipulated by the SBA. During the reference period, however, one important measure was taken to help do away with the differential treatment of ‘second chance’ entrepreneurs. Business failure can no longer be used as a reason for exclusion from the funding of Austria Wirtschaftsservice (aws). This gives entrepreneurs a ‘second chance’ enabling an immediate re-start of entrepreneurial activity, and ensures continuous access to public funding. http://ec.europa.eu/growth/smes/business-friendly-environment/performance-review/files/countries-sheets/2015/austria_en.pdf
5.1.4 Does the government support the mentorship programmes for startups either through funding, introductions, provision of space, supplying mentors or creation of networks? Yes https://www.austrianstartups.com/services/ http://www.startuplive.org/ http://wien.unimc.at/
“Appoint a Chief Digital Officer for every country in the EU. ”
Number Indicator Completed Evidence
5.2.1 Has a Digital Champion been appointed in the country? Yes Meral Akin-Hecke http://ec.europa.eu/digital-agenda/en/digital-champion-austria https://www.digitalchampion.at/
5.2.2 Is the Digital Champion or an equivalent figure (“Chef Digital Officer”) empowered with the practical means to execute Startup Manifesto on a national level (budget, recognition, political support)? No
“Create a 'best practices' repository.”
Number Indicator Completed Evidence
5.3.1 Has the country taken steps to promote and showcase the best practices (for example, by creating a resource to share best practices´ in promoting digital entrepreneurship or actively promoting best practices on a national / regional level)? Yes Der VTÖ ist als ein gemeinnütziger, nicht-gewinnorientierter Verein organisiert. Neben dem Vorstand gibt es in der Organisationsstruktur, die Rechnungsprüfer, die Generalversammlung und die Geschäftsstelle als operative Einheit des Verbandes. http://www.vto.at/
“Establish a Digital European Forum.”
Number Indicator Completed Evidence
5.4.1 Has an association that actively promotes recommendations of the European Startup Manifesto at the national level been launched in the country? Yes AustrianStartups is a neutral, independent and non-profit platform of, by, and for the Austrian startup community to increase its visibility and strengthen the entrepreneurial ecosystem. It is an open place for all startups, stakeholders, and interested persons, who are all encouraged to launch joint initiatives with us. https://www.austrianstartups.com/
5.4.2 Does the country have actively engaged entrepreneurs, policy makers and officials in European Digital Forum? Yes Alexander Zuser, partner, PRO Austria

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In Action 4.2 in Spain Remove the requirement for data providers to store information in any given country.
Updated on 2016-03-16 23:57:17 by Kasia Jakimowicz
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In Action 4.1 in Latvia Revise and normalise data protection laws (unified data protection law in Europe).
Updated on 2016-03-16 11:23:59 by Kasia Jakimowicz
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In Action 4.4 in Latvia Make governments think digitally (unified technological platform).
Updated on 2016-03-16 11:23:59 by Kasia Jakimowicz
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In Action 4.3 in Austria Make government data public.
Updated on 2016-03-16 10:58:39 by Kasia Jakimowicz
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In Action 1.1 in Austria Make teachers digitally confident and competent to rise to the challenge.
Updated on 2016-03-16 10:51:00 by Kasia Jakimowicz
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In Action 1.5 in Cyprus Encourage large companies to provide training for the general public (for management, leadership and communication skills).
Updated on 2016-03-16 10:47:06 by Kasia Jakimowicz
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In Action 3.1 in Belgium Increase private and institutional investment in startups.
Updated on 2016-02-26 16:29:13 by Kasia Jakimowicz
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In Action 3.5 in Spain Tax share options as capital gains, not income, to attract talent to startups (special tax regime for startups).
Updated on 2016-02-22 15:41:03 by Kasia Jakimowicz
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In Action 3.3 in France Buy more from smaller businesses.
Updated on 2016-02-22 13:38:21 by Kasia Jakimowicz
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In Action 2.3 in Latvia Make it easier for smaller companies to let employees go (special flexibility in human resources management for small companies).
Updated on 2016-02-22 13:33:43 by Kasia Jakimowicz